Episode #78 'Every Issue is an Access Issue': Humanitarian Challenges with Jacob Kurtzer

Episode #78 'Every Issue is an Access Issue': Humanitarian Challenges with Jacob Kurtzer

Rule 55 of Customary Law states that ‘The parties to the conflict must allow and facilitate rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need, which is impartial in character and conducted without any adverse distinction, subject to their right of control.’ And while the rules seems clear, in complex conflict settings there are often challenges to implantation. In this episode, we speak to Jacob Kurtzer, a research fellow with the Center for Strategic & International Studies’ Humanitarian Agenda initiative, an initiative that leverages the expertise of CSIS programs to explore complex humanitarian challenges. The primary challenge he’s focusing on is access to aid in complex man-made emergencies. Prior to joining CSIS, Jacob spent seven years with the ICRC, most recently as head of communications for the ICRC Delegation in Israel and the occupied territories and at some point in time, helping to head up the Washington Communications department. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #74 Using Innovative Financial Models to Maximize Sustainable Impact with Juan Coderque

Episode #74 Using Innovative Financial Models to Maximize Sustainable Impact with Juan Coderque

Responding to today's most complex humanitarian challenges, particularly those in protracted conflicts, requires innovative approaches and mobilizing a range of actors. Many have pointed to the potential of innovative financial models as a way to bring together humanitarian, development, government, and private sector actors to respond and maximize sustainable impact in meeting affected persons' needs. In September 2017, the ICRC launched an innovative finance mechanism, the world's first Humanitarian Impact Bond, which looked to scale up the ICRC's physical rehabilitation services in three countries. In this episode, we chat with Juan Coderque, Head of New Financial Models for the ICRC. We breakdown what we mean by new financial models, discuss the potential of innovative finance approaches to humanitarian action, and explore how the ICRC is thinking about the issues and how best to utilize new financial models to meet humanitarian needs. Hosted by Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #69 The Deepening Humanitarian Crisis in Nigeria with Trevor Keck

Episode #69 The Deepening Humanitarian Crisis in Nigeria with Trevor Keck

In this episode of Intercross the podcast, we sit down with Trevor Keck, the deputy director of policy at the ICRC Washington Delegation, who recently returned from Nigeria. Intensifying attacks in NE Nigeria have caused around 30,000 people to flee across the border and within the country over the last weeks. The crisis, now nearly in its 10th year, has resulted in widespread displacement, violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, protection risks and a deepening humanitarian crisis. Just recently, presidential elections were held in the country. We discuss the overall state of affairs, what he saw on the ground, as well as potential election impacts, challenges and most needed humanitarian interventions. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #67 The Urban Displaced with Catherine-Lune Grayson

Episode #67 The Urban Displaced with Catherine-Lune Grayson

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Dr. Catherine-Lune Grayson, ICRC Policy Advisor. Globally, around 40 million people have fled their homes from conflict or persecution as internally displaced persons. About 60%–80% of those live in urban areas. The “urban story” of forced displacement is often compounded by its hidden nature. It is more difficult to track the living conditions of those displaced in urban areas, obtain precise numbers, and provide humanitarian assistance. We discuss the challenges of working in urban contexts, camp vs. non-camp solutions and retaining dignity when identity is lost. Hosted by Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy and Dan Mahanaty

Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy and Dan Mahanaty

In this episode of Intercross the Podcastwe discuss the protection of civilians in partnered operations. National security and defense strategies, as well as trends in US military operations around the globe, reflect a preference for working by, with and through partners to achieve common security objectives. These partnerships in the context of armed conflict can aggravate or reduce the risk of harm to civilians depending on the form and significance of the partnership.  CSIS, Interaction and CIVIC recently launched a report—The Protection of Civilians in U.S. Partnered Operations—that further delves into some of the issues around these operations, including lessons learned by practitioners in the field, policy recommendations and protection concerns. To speak more broadly on the topic we have with us Jenny McAvoy, the Director of Protection at Interaction and Dan Mahanaty, Director of the Center for Civilians in Conflict U.S. Program. Hosted by Sarah Holewinski.

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Episode #57 The Crisis in Myanmar with Fabrizio Carboni

Episode #57 The Crisis in Myanmar with Fabrizio Carboni

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast we chat with Fabrizio Carboni, who has spent the last year as ICRC's Head of Delegation in Myanmar. More than a million people have fled Myanmar to Bangladesh due to violence since the end of August 2017. Peter Maurer, ICRC’s President, recently visited both sides of the border there and called it a "lose-lose situation for people." We did a Q&A on Intercross the blog with Fabrizio back in December on the crisis and in this conversation we discuss updates on operations, the critical challenges of monsoon season, the work that ICRC is doing on the ground and the key messages Fabrizio is bringing to stakeholders and decision makers in Washington. Hosted by Niki Clark.  

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Episode #53 The Deterioration and Disrepair of Yemen with Alexandre Faite

Episode #53 The Deterioration and Disrepair of Yemen with Alexandre Faite

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Alexandre Faite, the outgoing head of delegation in Yemen and guest policy host Trevor Keck. Yemen is the 4th largest ICRC operation in the world, with a budget of nearly $120 million CHF. We discuss the deteriorating situation on the ground, including food insecurity, the fuel crisis and the disrepair of the national health system. We also talk about the ICRC’s role in responding to the humanitarian situation, our global policy asks and Alexandre’s personal reflections following two years in Yemen. Hosted by Trevor Keck.

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Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, OUR 50TH, we sit down Vincent Bernard, the editor in chief of the International Review of the Red Cross, a leading academic journal on humanitarian law, policy and action published by the ICRC and Cambridge University Press. The International Review was first established nearly 150 years ago. We discuss how issues and concerns surrounding warfare and international humanitarian law have evolved in that time (Spoiler: people have always feared technology; except in 1869 it was the impact of the telegraph!) and how the Geneva Conventions continue to remain relevant. We talk about the current issue of the Review, which delves into the human cost of detention, and the process of researching and commissioning for the Review. We also chat about memory, both individual and collective, and the unlikely—though not insignificant—role it has in warfare and those who are impacted by it. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Dr. Helen Durham, ICRC's Director of International Law and Policy. We discuss why the subject of gender and IHL is much more complex than just "war and women," and the role gender plays in terms of influencing behaviors. We also chat about masculinity in the culture and context of war, how law and policy work together, the 'discourse of despair' and women inspirations. Hosted by Niki Clark and Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #47 Fragility, Conflict and Violence: ICRC and the World Bank

Episode #47 Fragility, Conflict and Violence: ICRC and the World Bank

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Austin Shangraw and Jyl Strong of the ICRC in Washington's Policy team. Last week, the World Bank held its biannual Fragility Forum. The Forum brings together policy makers and practitioners from humanitarian, development, peace and security communities to share practical solutions and explore innovative ways to improve development approaches to foster peace and stability. ICRC's Director General Yves Daccord attended and participated in several high-level panels. Why is ICRC involved in these discussions? How are we partnering with the World Bank? What does it mean when we discuss the humanitarian development nexus? Austin and Jyl analyze the conversations that came out of the Forum and give us the big takeaways for moving forward. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #33 Policy and Peacekeeping in South Sudan with Trevor Keck and Lauren Spink

Episode #33 Policy and Peacekeeping in South Sudan with Trevor Keck and Lauren Spink

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast,  we sit down with ICRC in Washington’s Deputy Head of Communications Trevor Keck and Lauren Spink, the Center for Civilians in Conflict Peacekeeping Advisor. Trevor recently returned from a brief mission to South Sudan and Lauren is headed out to the country this week. We took the opportunity to chat with them both about the current challenges facing aid worker and peacekeepers. What are some of the protection issues? Are aid organizations able to secure humanitarian access? And as the largest donor to South Sudan (is that true)—the US has spent nearly $10 billion since independence 6 years ago and pays more than a quarter of all international aid to the country each year—what does the current U.S. policy review for its approach to South Sudan mean for the situation on the ground? Hosted by Niki Clark.

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