Episode #60 The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict

Episode #60 The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we discuss the protection of cultural property in the time of armed conflict. It’s no secret that people around the world have a deep connection with places and objects of artistic, historic and religious importance. Archaeological sites connect us to the past. Monuments beckon from afar to be visited and marveled at. Our customs, traditions and values bind us to each other and the places we call “home.”  Cultural property and heritage are vital to the identity of individuals, communities and entire nations. Much more than stone, paper or canvas, ancient statues, manuscripts and works of art provide us with a sense of cultural cohesion and pride. Yet, too often, cultural property comes under attack during situations of armed conflict and violence. Such attacks constitute an affront to our history, dignity and humanity. Importantly, destroying or damaging cultural property in wartime is strictly prohibited under International Humanitarian Law. In this episode, we sit down with Pascal Bongard, Head of the Policy and Legal Unit of Geneva Call, and Cori Wegener, the director of the Smithsonian Institution Cultural Rescue Initiative. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy, Dan Mahanaty and Sarah Holewinski

Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy, Dan Mahanaty and Sarah Holewinski

In this episode of Intercross the Podcastwe discuss the protection of civilians in partnered operations. National security and defense strategies, as well as trends in US military operations around the globe, reflect a preference for working by, with and through partners to achieve common security objectives. These partnerships in the context of armed conflict can aggravate or reduce the risk of harm to civilians depending on the form and significance of the partnership.  CSIS, Interaction and CIVIC recently launched a report—The Protection of Civilians in U.S. Partnered Operations—that further delves into some of the issues around these operations, including lessons learned by practitioners in the field, policy recommendations and protection concerns. To speak more broadly on the topic we have with us Jenny McAvoy, the Director of Protection at Interaction and Dan Mahanaty, Director of the Center for Civilians in Conflict U.S. Program. Hosted by Sarah Holewinski.

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Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, OUR 50TH, we sit down Vincent Bernard, the editor in chief of the International Review of the Red Cross, a leading academic journal on humanitarian law, policy and action published by the ICRC and Cambridge University Press. The International Review was first established nearly 150 years ago. We discuss how issues and concerns surrounding warfare and international humanitarian law have evolved in that time (Spoiler: people have always feared technology; except in 1869 it was the impact of the telegraph!) and how the Geneva Conventions continue to remain relevant. We talk about the current issue of the Review, which delves into the human cost of detention, and the process of researching and commissioning for the Review. We also chat about memory, both individual and collective, and the unlikely—though not insignificant—role it has in warfare and those who are impacted by it. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Dr. Helen Durham, ICRC's Director of International Law and Policy. We discuss why the subject of gender and IHL is much more complex than just "war and women," and the role gender plays in terms of influencing behaviors. We also chat about masculinity in the culture and context of war, how law and policy work together, the 'discourse of despair' and women inspirations. Hosted by Niki Clark and Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #38 Twenty Years of the Ottawa Convention: The Policy & Practicality of Ending Anti-Personnel Landmines

Episode #38 Twenty Years of the Ottawa Convention: The Policy & Practicality of Ending Anti-Personnel Landmines

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Sabrina Henry, Legal and Policy Officer at the ICRC delegation in Ottawa and the Canadian Red Cross and Christoph Harnisch, ICRC head of delegation in Colombia. Twenty years ago, on December 3, 1997, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, typically referred to as the "Ottawa Convention" or "Mine Ban Treaty," was signed. It was entered into force on March 1, 1999. The Convention seeks to end the use of anti-personnel landmines (APLs) worldwide. Our two guests talk about the treaty, the role Canada played in the adoption of the treaty and what it has meant on the ground in Colombia, one of the world’s most heavily mined countries. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #35 The “Forgotten Child of IHL”: Why We Should be Talking about the Future of Naval Warfare

Episode #35 The “Forgotten Child of IHL”: Why We Should be Talking about the Future of Naval Warfare

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast,  ICRC in Washington’s Deputy Legal Advisor, Andrea Harrison, sits down with three naval warfare experts on why we should be talking about the rules that govern conflict at sea. Professor Julian Ku, Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and the Faculty Director of International Programs at Hofstra University School of Law, Lt Commander Peter Barker of the British Royal Navy and Associate Director for the Law of Coalition Warfare at the Stockton Center for the study of International Law, and Lt Colonel Jeffrey Biller of the U.S. Air Force and military professor at the U.S. Naval War College discuss the looming “hotspots” for naval conflict, the vulnerability of shipwrecked sailors, and how the cyber domain is driving an entirely new set of issues for conduct of naval warfare. Much has changed since the Geneva Conventions were written in 1949 - Where are the most realistic possibilities for a conflict that will be governed by the Second Geneva Convention? What happens when the responsibility to take “all possible measures” to find shipwrecked sailors creates a risk of detection out at sea? Can a vessel be shipwrecked purely through cyber means? Hosted by Andrea Harrison.

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Episode #31 When War Comes to Cities with Jenny McAvoy and Sahr Muhammedally

Episode #31 When War Comes to Cities with Jenny McAvoy and Sahr Muhammedally

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we are joined by Interaction's Director of Protection Jenny McAvoy and Center for Civilians in Conflict's (CIVIC) Director for the Middle East, North Africa and Asia, Sahr Muhammedally. Nearly 50 million civilians are affected by urban warfare, mostly in the countries of Yemen, Syria and Iraq. As warfare moves more and more to populated areas, civilians bear the brunt, facing much greater risks and much higher fatalities rates. What are the challenges of this increasing trend? How can militaries prioritize civilian protection?  What are civilians experiencing in places like West Mosul and Raqqa? And how can the rules of war and the protection of civilians be integrated and respected more broadly in these contexts? Hosted by Trevor Keck.

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Episode #28 The Test of Time: Are the 1949 Geneva Conventions Still Relevant?

Episode #28 The Test of Time: Are the 1949 Geneva Conventions Still Relevant?

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we are joined by ICRC Deputy Legal Advisor Andrea Harrison to discuss the Geneva Conventions of 1949. The first Geneva Convention was signed in 1864, the year after the founding of the ICRC, and it was for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field with 57 States Parties.  Most recently, the Geneva Conventions of 1949 were added, in part as a reaction to the tragedies of World War II.  How have the content of the Geneva Conventions changed over time? Every State in the world is party to the Geneva Conventions. What does this say about their significance and importance? And 68 years after the 1949 Conventions, with the nature of conflict radically evolving, are they still relevant and can they still stand the test of time? Hosted by Tracey Begley and Niki Clark.  

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Episode #26 The Legal Frameworks of Self Defense in Armed Conflict with Erica Gaston

Episode #26 The Legal Frameworks of Self Defense in Armed Conflict with Erica Gaston

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we speak with Erica Gaston, an international lawyer and project manager at the Global Public Policy Institute in Berlin, to discuss the legal aspects and humanitarian consequences of the use of self-defense in armed conflict. International humanitarian law addresses the rules for soldiers, armies and States, when they conduct offensive attacks, but it does not directly address the rules governing self-defense. So what are the limits on the use of force when individuals and units are defending themselves in combat situations? Hosted by Niki Clark and Andrea Harrison. 

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Episode #24 The Future of US Detention with Tracey Begley and Andrea Harrison

Episode #24 The Future of US Detention with Tracey Begley and Andrea Harrison

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we discuss the future of US detention in armed conflict. In May 2016, the ICRC’s Washington delegation, Harvard Law School’s PILAC, and the Naval War College’s Stockton Center held their inaugural joint IHL workshop on the same topic. About 30 experts convened for two days to discuss, debate and explore the issue. An outcomes report was just recently released. Join Tracey Begley and Deputy Legal Advisor Andrea Harrison in a conversation about the main issues that were discussed, which are most hotly contested, where are gaps exist in IHL and what other law we can turn to in times of gaps, the main take-aways from the workshop and why ICRC brings together these groups. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #22 Classifying Conflict with Chris Harland

Episode #22 Classifying Conflict with Chris Harland

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, ICRC in Washington's Legal Advisor discusses the classifications of conflict. How are conflicts classified? What is the impact of classification? Are they binding according to the Geneva Conventions? What's ICRC's role in classification? A great primer conversation. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #17 Evidence, Experience & Expertise in Humanitarian Diplomacy with Hugo Slim

Episode #17 Evidence, Experience & Expertise in Humanitarian Diplomacy with Hugo Slim

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, Sara Owens and Guest Host Trevor Keck sit down with ICRC in Washington's Policy Advisor Marcia Wong and Hugo Slim, Head of Policy. They discuss how humanitarian diplomacy helps catalyze ICRC's policy work, how the organization is using evidence, experience and expertise in moving the needle on policy, and the recent urban warfare report that details what happens when cities fall apart because of conflict. Hosted by Sara Owens.

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Episode #10 The Intersection of IHL and Islam with Dr. Ahmed Al-Dawoody, April 18, 2017

Episode #10 The Intersection of IHL and Islam with Dr. Ahmed Al-Dawoody, April 18, 2017

In this episode, Intercross the Podcast In this episode, Intercross the Podcast speaks with Dr. Ahmed Al-Dawoody, the ICRC Legal Adviser on Islamic Law and Jurisprudence. What are the connections between Islamic law and international humanitarian law? Who is protected under both areas of law? And who is excluded? Join us for a discussion on the interpretation of Islamic law, its historical roots, and its similarities and differences with IHL. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #9 Influencing Behavior in War with Andrew Bell, April 4, 2017

Episode #9 Influencing Behavior in War with Andrew Bell, April 4, 2017

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, researcher Andrew Bell talks about The Roots of Restraint, an upcoming ICRC report on the influencing behaviors of war. The report is a two-year research initiative intended to advance the ICRC's understanding of how norms of restraint develop and spread through State armed forces and non-State armed groups. Nine academics, including Bell, investigated sources of influence on the behavior of combatants in eight armed groups, and explored cases of community self-protection. In the podcast, Bell discusses his role in the study and how his background, an interesting intersection of theology, law, political science, security and conflict, brought a unique view to the study. Hosted by Niki Clark and Tracey Begley.

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Episode #8 The Toolbox of Transitional Justice with Claudia Josi, March 28, 2017

Episode #8 The Toolbox of Transitional Justice with Claudia Josi, March 28, 2017

Professor Claudia Josi from the Santa Clara School of Law speaks with Intercross about transitional justice. From her own experiences growing up during conflict in Peru, Josi speaks about legal dimensions of a society transitioning from conflict to peace. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #7 Reflecting on the Clara Barton Competition with Loyola University Chicago School of Law Students, March 21, 2017

Episode #7 Reflecting on the Clara Barton Competition with Loyola University Chicago School of Law Students, March 21, 2017

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, Sara Owens sits down with three students from Loyola University Chicago School of Law, Mary Macleod, Elena Sakelaris, and Constantine Gavrillos, to reflect on their experience preparing for and competing at the Clara Barton Competition, what they took away from the competition, and advise for future participants.

The Clara Barton IHL Competition (CBC) provides law students, international students, and military academy and institution students a unique opportunity to experience the laws of war as they are applied in practice, while offering these emerging leaders the chance to network with top authorities in this field.

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Episode #6 The Laws that Govern Outer Space with Dale Stephens and Pete Hays, March 14, 2017

Episode #6 The Laws that Govern Outer Space with Dale Stephens and Pete Hays, March 14, 2017

Dale Stephens and Pete Hays discuss the intricacies of military operations and outer space.  There are over a thousands satellites orbiting the earth that are used in our everyday lives.  This podcast explores their military use and vulnerabilities, and the laws that govern outer space operations. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #3 The Importance of IHL with Brigadier General (ret.) Rich Gross, February 21, 2017

Episode #3 The Importance of IHL with Brigadier General (ret.) Rich Gross, February 21, 2017

Brig. General (ret.) Rich Gross, the former Legal Counsel to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, speaks with Intercross about the importance of international humanitarian law (IHL) and reflections on IHL after decades of service, including as the Legal Adviser for NATO ISAF and US forces in Afghanistan. Gross talks about his personal experiences in the military and interactions with the ICRC. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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Episode #1 Humanity at the Heart of Compliance with Brian McQuinn and Jonathan Somer, February 7, 2017

Episode #1 Humanity at the Heart of Compliance with Brian McQuinn and Jonathan Somer, February 7, 2017

Brian McQuinn and Jonathan Somer talk about the challenges of working with non-state armed groups. McQuinn and Somer both have extensive experience working with non-state armed groups around the world, trying to strengthen compliance with international humanitarian law. What they both conclude: humanity is at the heart of compliance. Hosted by Tracey Begley.

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