Episode #63 IHRL & IHL: The Debate around Internment in Non-International Armed Conflict

Episode #63 IHRL & IHL: The Debate around Internment in Non-International Armed Conflict

With this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we announce the start of a new monthly series with Humanitarian Law & Policy. Humanitarian Law & Policy is the ICRC blog based in Geneva that provides timely analysis and debate on international humanitarian law (IHL) issues and the policies that shape humanitarian action. With this series we hope to have monthly conversations on trends, issues, future challenges and solutions as they pertain to IHL or humanitarian action. We also will be taking advantage of our coworkers’ deep network of authors including academics, practitioners, legal minds and more to further delve into some of the conversations that have been started on their blog and in the International Review. In this first discussion, we speak with Jonathan Horowitz, a senior legal officer for the Open Society Justice Initiative. We talk about the relationship between international humanitarian law and human rights law and some of the debates and tensions around the two bodies of law during armed conflict. We focus on one debate in particular – detention in non-international armed conflicts. Look in the coming weeks for other perspectives on this issue. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sasha Radin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Episode #62 Frontline Humanitarian Negotiations with Claude Bruderlein

Episode #62 Frontline Humanitarian Negotiations with Claude Bruderlein

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, discuss frontline humanitarian negotiations. The Center of Competence on Humanitarian Negotiation recently launched a field manual on the subject, taking the collective experience and perspectives of numerous humanitarian practitioners working in some of the most challenging conflict environments and translating it into tangible tools and resources. Claude Bruderlein, director of the Centre and lead researcher for ICRC negotiation practices talks through the development of the manual, the art of negotiation and how his years of operational experience brought him to his current position. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #61 Returning Home & the Power of Sport in South Sudan with Jess Markt and Malat Wei

Episode #61 Returning Home & the Power of Sport in South Sudan with Jess Markt and Malat Wei

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we are coming to you from Juba, South sudan. Following a two week wheelchair basketball training program, we sit down with two athletes from radically different worlds. Malat Wei was a young child when his family was forced to flee South Sudan, shortly after he contracted polio and lost the use of his legs. Though he grew up in an Ethiopian refugee camp, he fell in love with sports, spending his long days at the camp playing soccer with his able-bodied friends. Malat would use only his hands to navigate the dusty pitch. At age 12, his family was resettled as refugees in Texas where a few years later he was introduced to wheelchair basketball by a member of his church. He was immediately hooked. Now 24, he plays university-level wheelchair basketball in Arizona, after a successful stint playing professionally in France from 2015-2016.

Jess Markt is from Denver, Colorado. At age 19, he was in a car accident that left him paralyzed from the chest down. Previously a college track-and-field star, wheelchair basketball was a major factor in Jess’ recovery, both physically and mentally. He now serves as the ICRC’s Diversity, Inclusion and Sports Advisor and coaches disabled athletes in war zones, including Afghanistan, South Sudan and the Gaza Strip. Several years ago, Jess and Malat met at a tournament in New Mexico and their friendship was born. When Malat discovered that Jess was coaching in South Sudan, he pitched the idea of going with him to help coach athletes back in his home country.

And that’s just what they did.

Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #60 The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict with Pascal Bongard and Cori Wegener

Episode #60 The Protection of Cultural Property in Armed Conflict with Pascal Bongard and Cori Wegener

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we discuss the protection of cultural property in the time of armed conflict. It’s no secret that people around the world have a deep connection with places and objects of artistic, historic and religious importance. Archaeological sites connect us to the past. Monuments beckon from afar to be visited and marveled at. Our customs, traditions and values bind us to each other and the places we call “home.”  Cultural property and heritage are vital to the identity of individuals, communities and entire nations. Much more than stone, paper or canvas, ancient statues, manuscripts and works of art provide us with a sense of cultural cohesion and pride. Yet, too often, cultural property comes under attack during situations of armed conflict and violence. Such attacks constitute an affront to our history, dignity and humanity. Importantly, destroying or damaging cultural property in wartime is strictly prohibited under International Humanitarian Law. In this episode, we sit down with Pascal Bongard, Head of the Policy and Legal Unit of Geneva Call, and Cori Wegener, the director of the Smithsonian Institution Cultural Rescue Initiative. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy and Dan Mahanaty

Episode #59 The Protection of Civilians in Partnered Operations with Jenny McAvoy and Dan Mahanaty

In this episode of Intercross the Podcastwe discuss the protection of civilians in partnered operations. National security and defense strategies, as well as trends in US military operations around the globe, reflect a preference for working by, with and through partners to achieve common security objectives. These partnerships in the context of armed conflict can aggravate or reduce the risk of harm to civilians depending on the form and significance of the partnership.  CSIS, Interaction and CIVIC recently launched a report—The Protection of Civilians in U.S. Partnered Operations—that further delves into some of the issues around these operations, including lessons learned by practitioners in the field, policy recommendations and protection concerns. To speak more broadly on the topic we have with us Jenny McAvoy, the Director of Protection at Interaction and Dan Mahanaty, Director of the Center for Civilians in Conflict U.S. Program. Hosted by Sarah Holewinski.

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Episode #58 Capturing Crisis & Hope in Bangladesh with Jenelle Eli, Amanda Nieman and Brad Zerivitz

Episode #58 Capturing Crisis & Hope in Bangladesh with Jenelle Eli, Amanda Nieman and Brad Zerivitz

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast we sit down with Jenelle Eli, Director of International Communications, Amanda Nieman, Bangladesh Program Officer and Brad Zerivitz, a Photographer and Director of Video Services, all at the American Red Cross.  They recently spent two weeks in Bangladesh, capturing stories of the crisis in Cox’s Bazaar. Since August 2017, more than a million people have fled Rakhine state, Myanmar to Bangladesh because of violence. We spoke last week with ICRC’s outgoing head of delegation in Myanmar about the situation there and in this conversation, we talk about the other side of the border. How do you visually capture a crisis of such magnitude? How is the Red Cross movement responding? How does disaster preparedness and volunteers play a role? And in such desperate circumstances, what stories of hope rise to the top? Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #57 The Crisis in Myanmar with Fabrizio Carboni

Episode #57 The Crisis in Myanmar with Fabrizio Carboni

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast we chat with Fabrizio Carboni, who has spent the last year as ICRC's Head of Delegation in Myanmar. More than a million people have fled Myanmar to Bangladesh due to violence since the end of August 2017. Peter Maurer, ICRC’s President, recently visited both sides of the border there and called it a "lose-lose situation for people." We did a Q&A on Intercross the blog with Fabrizio back in December on the crisis and in this conversation we discuss updates on operations, the critical challenges of monsoon season, the work that ICRC is doing on the ground and the key messages Fabrizio is bringing to stakeholders and decision makers in Washington. Hosted by Niki Clark.  

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Episode #56 Focus on Africa with Patricia Danzi

Episode #56 Focus on Africa with Patricia Danzi

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down Patricia Danzi, ICRC's Regional Director for Africa. More than 40% of ICRC operations are on the continent, including the geographical focuses of the Lake Chad region, South Sudan, Somalia, Central Africa Republic, Mali and Libya. We chat operations and challenges, displacement and migration and environmental impact on both, emotional wounds of war, innovation and more. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #55 The Logistics of War with Christophe Hambye

Episode #55 The Logistics of War with Christophe Hambye

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Christophe Hambye, head of ICRC’s logistics division. Running logistics is a complicated endeavor even when it’s in the best of situations but Christophe and his team are working in some of the world’s most challenging contexts. We chat about what are some of the humanitarian logistical challenges, how to stay ahead and prepared in a world of uncertainty and what the future of logistics looks like for ICRC. Hosted by Sara Owens. 

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Episode #54 Digital Transformation & Human Connections in Aid with Charlotte Lindsay

Episode #54 Digital Transformation & Human Connections in Aid with Charlotte Lindsay

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Charlotte Lindsay, ICRC’s current Director of Communication and Information Management. In July, Charlotte will begin a new position as ICRC’s first ever Director of Data & Digital Transformation. We chat about what digital transformation means, how innovation plays a role in humanitarian aid, the evolving challenges facing women in war and personal reflections on her more than 25 years with ICRC. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #53 The Deterioration and Disrepair of Yemen with Alexandre Faite

Episode #53 The Deterioration and Disrepair of Yemen with Alexandre Faite

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Alexandre Faite, the outgoing head of delegation in Yemen and guest policy host Trevor Keck. Yemen is the 4th largest ICRC operation in the world, with a budget of nearly $120 million CHF. We discuss the deteriorating situation on the ground, including food insecurity, the fuel crisis and the disrepair of the national health system. We also talk about the ICRC’s role in responding to the humanitarian situation, our global policy asks and Alexandre’s personal reflections following two years in Yemen. Hosted by Trevor Keck.

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Episode #52 The Challenges of Implementing Peace in Colombia with Christoph Harnisch

Episode #52 The Challenges of Implementing Peace in Colombia with Christoph Harnisch

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Christoph Harnisch, head of delegation in Bogata, Colombia. He’s been with the ICRC for more than 33 years, including time spent in Africa, Middle East, Central America, and currently Colombia where he has been since August 2014.  We previously had Christoph on our podcast in May of last year, about six months after the peace agreement was first signed. In our conversation, we discuss what has changed, the challenges of implementing the peace agreement, insecurity in some of the most remote areas of the country, the plight of missing people and the prison crisis in the country. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #51 Harnessing the Power of Cash with Jo Burton

Episode #51 Harnessing the Power of Cash with Jo Burton

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down Jo Burton, ICRC’s Global Cash Focal Point. Ten percent of the world’s humanitarian assistance is now in cash, marking a 40% increase from 2015 to 2016. What exactly do we mean by cash transfer programming? What are the advantages and risks? What are some of the ways that ICRC is utilizing cash for assistance and protection programs? And how, as part of the larger Red Cross movement, are we harnessing the power of cash to ensure accountability and that people remain at the center of their own recovery? Hosted by Niki Clark and Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

Episode #50 The History, Evolution and Memory of War with Vincent Bernard

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, OUR 50TH, we sit down Vincent Bernard, the editor in chief of the International Review of the Red Cross, a leading academic journal on humanitarian law, policy and action published by the ICRC and Cambridge University Press. The International Review was first established nearly 150 years ago. We discuss how issues and concerns surrounding warfare and international humanitarian law have evolved in that time (Spoiler: people have always feared technology; except in 1869 it was the impact of the telegraph!) and how the Geneva Conventions continue to remain relevant. We talk about the current issue of the Review, which delves into the human cost of detention, and the process of researching and commissioning for the Review. We also chat about memory, both individual and collective, and the unlikely—though not insignificant—role it has in warfare and those who are impacted by it. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #49 Women Storytellers: A Conversation with Red Cross Communicators

Episode #49 Women Storytellers: A Conversation with Red Cross Communicators

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Red Cross communicators Jana Sweeny and Jenelle Eli. We speak about our experiences in the humanitarian world, the power of female stories and storytellers and what drives us to do the work that we do. We also talk about the unique work of the Red Cross movement work and share the stories--and the people--that forever touched us. Hosted by Anna Nelson, Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

Episode #48 Gender and International Humanitarian Law with Dr. Helen Durham

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Dr. Helen Durham, ICRC's Director of International Law and Policy. We discuss why the subject of gender and IHL is much more complex than just "war and women," and the role gender plays in terms of influencing behaviors. We also chat about masculinity in the culture and context of war, how law and policy work together, the 'discourse of despair' and women inspirations. Hosted by Niki Clark and Austin Shangraw.

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Episode #47 Fragility, Conflict and Violence: ICRC and the World Bank

Episode #47 Fragility, Conflict and Violence: ICRC and the World Bank

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Austin Shangraw and Jyl Strong of the ICRC in Washington's Policy team. Last week, the World Bank held its biannual Fragility Forum. The Forum brings together policy makers and practitioners from humanitarian, development, peace and security communities to share practical solutions and explore innovative ways to improve development approaches to foster peace and stability. ICRC's Director General Yves Daccord attended and participated in several high-level panels. Why is ICRC involved in these discussions? How are we partnering with the World Bank? What does it mean when we discuss the humanitarian development nexus? Austin and Jyl analyze the conversations that came out of the Forum and give us the big takeaways for moving forward. Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #46 Missing Maps: Information as Aid

Episode #46 Missing Maps: Information as Aid

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with Matthew Gibb, GIS Officer at the American Red Cross. Each year, disasters around the world devastate millions of people. But many communities are missing from the maps that responders use to deliver lifesaving aid. In our conversation, we talk about how the American Red Cross and partner organizations are using the power of crowd-sourcing and remote volunteers to put millions of people from high-risk countries on the map since 2014.  Hosted by Niki Clark and Sara Owens.

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Episode #45 The Rules of War and Video Games Part 3

Episode #45 The Rules of War and Video Games Part 3

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, the last of a three part conversation in our cultural series, we are joined Christian Rouffaer, ICRC's head of virtual reality unit based in Bangkok.  We chat about his role, why ICRC has decided to invest in virtual reality and how the organization is harnessing the power of video games to reach audiences in new and creative ways. We also talk about how VR technology works in the humanitarian space and how his time in contexts like Afghanistan, Yemen and South Sudan have shaped and colored his current work. Hosted by Niki Clark.

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Episode #44 Innovating Integration: Sport, Diversity & Inclusion as Part of the Humanitarian Approach

Episode #44 Innovating Integration: Sport, Diversity & Inclusion as Part of the Humanitarian Approach

In this episode of Intercross the Podcast, we sit down with ICRC’s Jess Markt, an American who coaches wheelchair basketball in war zones. At age 19, he suffered a spinal cord injury in college. Twenty one years later, he is bringing his experience and story to help others as ICRC’s first-ever Disability, Sport and Inclusion Advisor. In this conversation, we discuss his personal triumph over adversity  and how he brings that experience to the disabled in some of the world’s most dangerous contexts. From Afghanistan to South Sudan and Cambodia, Jess is using sport to help the disabled see themselves in a different light, and witnessing some radical societal transformations along the way. We talk about diversity, what that term really means, and how he’s using his role at ICRC to change the way that people, and humanitarian organizations, think about what it means to fully integrate diversity into their work. Hosted by Anna Nelson and Sara Owens.

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