On March 22, The International Committee of the Red Cross Director-General Yves Daccord testified before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the global state of humanitarian affairs titled “Flashing Red: The State of Global Humanitarian Affairs.” He was joined by two other witnesses, Mr. Gregory C. Gottlieb, the Acting Assistant Administrator, Bureau Of Democracy, Conflict, And Humanitarian Assistance at the Unites States Agency for International Development (USAID) and The Honorable Nancy Lindborg, President, United States Institute of Peace (USIP).
Today, the world is on the brink of one of the largest humanitarian disasters in history. Famine is looming over several countries in Africa and the Middle East – with many millions of people suffering severe food insecurity and increasing numbers facing starvation.
Mr. Daccord focused on the urgent need for humanitarian efforts worldwide, but especially in four of the most severely affected countries: South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria, and Yemen. In addition, he spoke about the scope and roots of the problem, including protracted armed conflict, the ICRC’s mandate and operational responses on the ground, compliance to International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and the vital role of the US in its support to the ICRC’s work and to humanitarian action more broadly.
Mr. Daccord’s last visit to Washington in December 2016 included the launch of the ICRC’s People on War Survey which asked more than 17,000 in 6 different countries about their attitudes toward war and armed conflict. He sat down with Intercross for an interview on the findings, the importance, and the takeaways of the survey moving forward.
ICRC updates on the humanitarian situations on the ground in South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and the Lake Chad region, and Yemen:
- Somalia: Nutrition centre sees big increase in malnourished children
- Somalia: A family without food sees drought turn to disaster
- Somalia: ICRC assisting 240,000 people affected by severe drought
- Nigeria: Hundreds of thousands received food and assistance in 2016
- Hundreds of thousands of South Sudanese received food in 2016
- South Sudan: Recurring cycles of violence breed further instability
- Horn of Africa: Drought and hunger